J & L Cuts


J & L Cuts are used by editors to create a seamless flow during conversations, lead audiences along in a story by providing information, or give a dialogue a deeper meaning.

J cut is when the sound of the upcoming scene starts before its visuals. It can also be referred to as an audio advance or audio lead. It is called a J cut because of the shape it makes in the editing program with the sound coming before the picture.

An L cut is when the visuals of the upcoming scene start before its sound. It is called an L cut because of the shape it makes in the editing program with the visuals coming before the sound.

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Great Video Storytelling


Helping Generations of Families Fight Economic Injustice

The news story titled Helping Generations of Families Fight Economic Injustice located at https://www.nbcphiladelphia.com/news/local/Broke-in-Philly_-Families-Struggling-Financially_Philadelphia-480305433.html?utm_source=Solutions+Story+Tracker exhibited great storytelling. It is solution-based journalism. Solutions journalism is so important because it focuses on a solution to a problem and how and why it works rather than on the problem itself, it tries to bring awareness that other people can use, it tries to imitate the solution, and it is proactive rather than reactive. I liked this story because it focused on areas that desperately need attention in our communities: poverty, bridging the gap in education, and helping parents. By providing educational opportunities for children and services for their parents like computer access and jobs, Dixon Learning Academy in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is offering an example of how to get families out of poverty.

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Lighting and Shooting Tips



In “The Bare Bones Camera Course for Film and Video,” located at https://www.amazon.com/dp/1621535266/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_ep_dp_cQuTAb86EQMY6, in chapter 7 Tom Schroeppel discusses lighting. Lighting is different outside and inside. Outside the most common source is the sun, which may be a hindrance because it is always moving and when it is high it can cast shadows on the face of characters. Subjects should face the sun, so the sun lights their faces. If that is not possible, and sun is behind the subject as a backlight or on the side as a sidelight there will be shadows on the subject’s face. To fill them in you can use reflectors. A reflector can be anything that reflects light, including a board covered with silver foil or paint, a white wall, a white poster board, or a piece of canvas. The reflector bounces sunlight into shadows as needed. To get out shadows, you can also use any light as a fill light outside. Make sure that it puts out daylight colored light and matches the brightness of the sun. Another downside is that it requires electricity.  Continue reading “Lighting and Shooting Tips”

Continuity Tips  

According to yourdictionary.com, continuity in film means “smooth and matching transitions from one shot or sequence to the next.” Continuity in TV and film is so important so that the audience does not get confused.


Basic Sequence

According to “The Bare Bones Camera Course for Film and Video,” located at https://www.amazon.com/dp/1621535266/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_ep_dp_cQuTAb86EQMY6, Tom Schroeppel advises in chapter 3 to break scenes into smaller shots rather than one long shot or the audience’s eyes will wander. It also helps emphasize what is important. A wide shot establishes location and everything that’s important in the scene.  The medium shot is generally from the waist up. The close-up is like a headshot. The cutaway shot allows you to change the order and length of your sequence. Many times, camera people forget to shoot cutaway shots, but they are needed by editors to make the final cut more interesting. Anything can be a cutaway, but it has to be related to the main action. A cutaway shot can be a different part of the character’s body, something the character is talking about, an extreme wide shot, or an over the shoulder shot.

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TV/Movie Reviews —>Continuity

Continuity in video is when the cuts cannot be seen and the video flows smoothly. There should also be no mistakes in wardrobe, props, etc. In order for there to be continuity, certain rules must be followed.


The Hangover

The Hangover is a trilogy. It begins with three friends having a wild bachelor party where they wake up with terrible hangovers and cannot remember where the bachelor is located.

The scene located at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_5YoG-iXjQ exhibited continuity. It began with a wide shot to establish the location and then changed to a medium shot. It also followed the 180 degree rule.

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Movie Reviews —>Different Editing Styles

To create effects and get audience reactions, movies use various editing styles, including standard cuts, jump cuts, montages, dissolves, wipes, fades, L and J cuts, cutting on action, cutaway shots, cross cuts, match cuts, smash cuts, and invisible cuts.


The Royal Tenenbaums

The Royal Tenenbaums, released in 2011, is a comedy-drama movie. It stars actors Danny Glover, Gwyneth Paltrow, Ben Stiller, Gene Hackman, Bill Murray, and Owen Wilson. It trails the lives of three exceptional siblings who have much success in their youth, but experience failure in adulthood.

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